What is the major side effect of stimulant medication treatment for ADHD quizlet? (2024)

What is the major side effect of stimulant medication treatment for ADHD quizlet?

The term stimulants cover a broad class of drugs that increase the activity of the central nervous system. These drugs are used by a very high percentage of the general population for various reasons, including performance enhancement, medical benefits, and recreational purposes.

Are stimulants designed to stimulate the central nervous system?

The term stimulants cover a broad class of drugs that increase the activity of the central nervous system. These drugs are used by a very high percentage of the general population for various reasons, including performance enhancement, medical benefits, and recreational purposes.

Why are stimulants a problem when driving?

As the stimulant effects wear off, the fatigue not only returns but can be intensified. Higher doses produce agitation, inability to focus, reduced ability to divide attention, increased risk- taking, and deficits in balance and coordination.

Which of the following is a stimulant quizlet?

Stimulants are psychoactive drugs, including caffeine, nicotine, amphetamines, and cocaine that increase the central nervous system activity.

What is an important concern about using methylphenidate to treat ADHD?

It was shown that psychostimulants, such as methylphenidate (MPH), may elevate blood pressure and heart rate, raising concerns about cardiovascular safety. Research indicated a significant increase in blood pressure within the first week of MPH treatment.

What is a common side effect of stimulants quizlet?

Stimulation of the CNS can cause insomnia, restlessness, and extreme loquaciousness. These effects can occur at therapeutic doses. By suppressing appetite, amphetamines can cause weight loss. For people who are lean to start with, weight loss is considered an adverse effect.

What are the effects of stimulants on the central nervous system?

A stimulant is a drug which speeds up the central nervous system to increase neural activity in the brain. Examples include amphetamines, cocaine and crack, caffeine, nicotine and ecstasy. Stimulant drugs tend to make people feel more alert and focused and are sometimes called 'uppers'.

What are the negative effects of stimulants on performance?

At low doses, stimulants can lead to increased perspiration, shaking, inability to focus, and sleep loss, as well as low appetite and dehydration. In higher doses, stimulants can also lead to more severe health effects, such as rapid heart rate and high blood pressure.

What are the disadvantages of stimulants?

Prescription stimulants increase alertness, attention, and energy. Their misuse, including overdose, can also lead to psychosis, anger, paranoia, heart, nerve, and stomach problems. These issues could lead to a heart attack or seizures.

Why do stimulants affect ADHD?

Stimulants are the most common type of prescription medication healthcare providers use to treat ADHD. Despite their name, stimulants don't work by increasing your stimulation. Rather, they work by increasing levels of certain chemicals (neurotransmitters) in your brain called dopamine and norepinephrine.

Which of the following is a characteristic of stimulants?

Stimulants are sometimes referred to as uppers and reverse the effects of fatigue on both mental and physical tasks. Therapeutic levels of stimulants can produce exhilaration, extended wakefulness, and loss of appetite. These effects are greatly intensified when large doses of stimulants are taken.

What best describes stimulants?

Stimulants are a class of drugs that speed up messages travelling between the brain and body. They can make a person feel more awake, alert, confident or energetic. Stimulants include caffeine, nicotine, amphetamines and cocaine.

Which of the following are examples of stimulants choose all that apply?

Other Common Substances With Stimulant Properties
  • Cocaine.
  • Methamphetamine.
  • Prescription stimulants.
  • Synthetic cathinones (bath salts)
  • Nicotine.
  • Ecstasy (MDMA)
  • Diet pills.
  • Caffeine.

What are side effects of methylphenidate?

Common side effects
  • headache.
  • feeling aggressive, irritable, depressed, anxious or tense.
  • trouble sleeping (insomnia)
  • loss of appetite – this can lead to weight loss or poor weight gain.
  • stomach ache.
  • dry mouth.
  • feeling or being sick.

What are the negatives of methylphenidate?

Stimulant drugs, like methylphenidate and the methylphenidate-based drugs, can make you feel overconfident and disinhibited, induce feelings of anxiety, panic, confusion, paranoia, and even cause psychosis, which can lead you to put your own safety at risk.

What are the side effects of ADHD medication in adults?

Common side effects of lisdexamfetamine include:
  • decreased appetite, which can lead to weight loss or poor weight gain.
  • aggression.
  • drowsiness.
  • dizziness.
  • headaches.
  • diarrhoea.
  • nausea and vomiting.

What are the effects of stimulants on students?

Effects of Stimulants

Stimulants stimulate the sympathetic nervous system and increase heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration (dilation of the bronchioles in the lungs). They can cause a dangerously high body temperature, especially if paired with physical exertion. Other serious effects include: Seizures.

Which of the following symptoms correspond with the effects of stimulants?

Physical symptoms:
  • Changes (usually decreases) in appetite.
  • Twitches or jitteriness.
  • Rapid heartbeat.
  • Elevated blood pressure.
  • Weight loss.
  • Hair loss.
  • Sweating.
  • Skin problems.

Which of the following is a common side effect of drugs?

Some common examples mild adverse effects related to drugs include:
  • Constipation.
  • Skin rash or dermatitis.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Dizziness.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Headache.
  • Insomnia.
Mar 31, 2017

Which statement best describes the effect that stimulants have on your body?

Which statement best describes the effect that stimulants have on your body? Stimulants speed up the central nervous system.

Why do stimulants cause anxiety?

The thing is, both caffeine and Adderall are stimulants that influence your brain's dopamine system, though they work in slightly different ways. When combined, their effects on your central nervous system are intensified and can lead to increased arousal and heightened anxiety symptoms.

What medical conditions are prescription stimulant medications used to treat?

When used appropriately, FDA-approved prescription stimulants can provide significant benefits for patients, such as improving attention in people with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), reducing excessive overeating episodes in people with binge eating disorder, and increasing wakefulness in people with ...

What are the long-term effects of stimulant medication?

Side effects and risks associated with the long-term use of ADHD medication include:
  • Heart disease.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Seizure.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Abuse and addiction.
  • Skin discolorations.
Jun 6, 2023

How do stimulant drugs affect performance?

Stimulants boost the levels of some chemicals in the brain. They also make the heart beat faster and raise blood pressure. Stimulants can help an athlete: Exercise longer.

Do stimulants affect ADHD long-term?

Studies following children with ADHD for long periods of time have found that these medications are safe to take long-term. If you're concerned that the stimulant medication will make your child eat less and not grow as much, that might be true during the first few years.

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